Night-flowering Jasmine, Har singar, Coral Jasmine, Tree of Sorrow, Queen of the night.
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Night-flowering Jasmine) is a species of Nyctanthes, native to southern Asia, from northern Pakistan and Nepal south through northern India and southeast to Thailand. It is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6–12 cm long and 2–6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed. The plant also can be propagated by semi-hardwood cuttings. Hardiness: USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F).
Seeds in packet: 20
Although seed can be sown most of the year, seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn in temperate climates, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C
- Soak seed overnight in water.
- Sow seed on a porous seed raising mix and cover to the depth of the seed width.
- Place in a warm shaded or semi shaded position to avoid dying out.
- The growing medium should be well draining but should remain damp between watering. Keep moist but not too wet as the seed may rot. Do not let the growing mix completely dry out.
- Germination should occur in 20-45 days or more depending on the temperature and conditions.
Nyctanthes arbor tristis is widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for treatment of many ailments.
• Leaves: Antibacterial, Anthelmintic, Anti-inflammatory, Hepatoprotective, Immunopotential, Anti-pyretic, Antioxidant and Anti-fungal. Parijat leaves have been used in Ayurvedic medicine and Homoeopathy for sciatica, arthritis, fevers, and as a laxative. Patients with gynecological problems are advised to take 3 fresh night jasmine leaves, with 5 black peppers. leaves are also blend into a paste and used in skin related troubles, especially ringworm. The leaf juice is mixed with common salt to treat intestinal worms.
• Flowers: Diuretic, Anti-bilious, Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Sedative and Anti-filarial. The decoction of night jasmine flowers is used in treating gout.
• Seeds: Antibacterial, Antifungal, Immunomodulatory and Antileishmanial. The seeds are crushed and the aqueous paste is applied externally on the piles. They are also useful in treating baldness, scurvy and affections of the scalp. The decoction of its seeds is used as a hair tonic. Washing hair daily with this tonic helps to get rid of dandruff and lice.
• Bark: Anti-microbial.
• Stem: Antipyretic and Antioxidant.
• Night Jasmine is very useful in treating constipation in children. Coral jasmine is used in the treatment of fungal skin infection, dry cough, and bronchitis and as an antidote for snakebites. It is also used to treat anxiety, restlessness, headaches, gastritis, hepatitis, diarrhea, vertigo and dysmenorrhoea.
• Nyctanthes arbor-tristis new leaves are fried and used as a recipe in some Assamese and Bengali cuisines. Its dried flowers are used as components of recipe in Assamese food.
• The flowers can be used as a source of yellow dye for clothing.
• Flower oil is used as perfume.